General Information


The Andaman & Nicobar Islands is a union territory of India. This territory is known as A & N Islands, or ANI. It is located in the Indian Ocean, in the southern reaches of the Bay of Bengal, nearer to Indonesia and Thailand. This comprises of two island groups - the Andaman Islands and the Nicobar Islands - which separate the Andaman Sea to the east from the Indian Ocean. These two groups are separated by the 10° N parallel, the Andamans lying to the north of this latitude, and the Nicobars to the south. The capital of this territory is the Andamanese town of Port Blair.There are 572 islands in the territory, of which only some 38 are permanently inhabited. Most of the islands (about 550) are in the Andamans group, 26 of which are inhabited. The smaller Nicobars comprise some 22 main islands (10 inhabited). The Andamans and Nicobars are separated by a channel (the Ten Degree Channel) some 150 km wide.The territory's population as per the most recent (2001) Census of India was 356,152. Added together, the total land area of the territory is approximately 8,249 km².The total area of the Andaman Islands is some 6,408 km²; that of the Nicobar Islands approximately 1,841 km².

The major languages spoken in the Andamans in numerical order are Bengali, Hindi, Tamil, Nicobarese and Telugu. Other languages include Malayalam and English.

Location: Bay of Bengal
Longitude : 92o to 94o East
Latitude : 6o to 14o North
Andaman Islands:Saddle Peak (North Andaman Island : 732 Metres)
Nicobar Islands : Mount Thullier (Great Nicobar Island : 642 Metres)
Total Area : 8249 Sq. Kms.
Andaman District : 6408 Sq. Kms.
Urban Area: 16.64 Sq. Kms.
Rural Area : 8232.36 Sq. Kms.
Total Islands : 572
Inhabited Islands : 36

Distance by Sea (In Kilometers)

Between Port Blair & Chennai :1190
Between Port Blair & Calcutta : 1255
Between Port Blair & Visakhapatnam : 1200

Distance by Air (In Kilometers)
Between Calcutta & Port Blair: 1303
Between Calcutta & Port Blair: 1303


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State Name:Andaman & Nicobar Islands
Capital: Port Blair

Location: Bay of Bengal
Longitude: 920 to 940
Foreign Nationals
All foreign nationals can stay in the islands for 30 days with a valid permit. This period can be extended by another 15 days with permission of the competent authority. They require a permit to stay from the immigration authorities. In addition, permits can also be obtained from: Indian Missions Overseas, Foreigner’s Registration Offices at Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Kolkata and the immigration authorities at the airports at Delhi, Mumbai, Calcutta and Chennai.
Tips for Visitors
  • As the climate in Port Blair, Andaman is hot throughout the day it is advisable to use cotton garments instead of other clothes
  • For trekking it is best to wear the lighter boots as it gives more pleasure. Heavy boots tire you early.
  • Don’t forget to bring a pair of rubber hawai chappal for all bathroom excursions & stony beaches.
  • Always carry clean water bags while on tour.

Essentials to be
  • Before starting your journey, all the visitors are advised to confirm their Air/ Ship tickets and accommodation reservation well in advance with your travel agent before proceeding to Andaman Islands to avoid any reservation problem.
  • Foreign national should obtain the required permit form the immigration authorities soon after landing on the Island at Airport/ Harbour.
  • Obtain permits from the Chief Wildlife Warden in case you are interested in taking